Classification & scopes of Basalt continuous fibers and materials
|Table 1. Scopes of CBF & materials on their basis|
Initial materials on CBF basis
Made materials and products on CBF basis
|CBF||Parameters of fiber: d = 6 – 9 µm|
|Roving, complex string for textile processing||Thin fabrics, electro insulating fabrics, grids, knitted materials. Manufacture of electro insulating materials (payments, plastics), rolled plastics, facing and fire stable materials, wallpapers.||Electro technical, electronic industry, the chemical industry. Manufacture of plastics and building materials|
|CBF||Parameters of fiber: d = 10 – 15 µm|
|Roving, roving fabrics and grids, canvases, chopped fiber, needle-punched materials.||Roving for manufacture of profile glass fibers-rod, structures, basalt plastic armatures, pipes and capacities. Reinforced roving fabrics for manufacture of glass fibers, facing plastics. The chopped fiber for reinforcing plastic, plastic figures. Geo textile materials - grids, fabrics for reinforcing road coverings, strengthening of embankments, earthen shaft and anti-erosive strengthening of soil. Needle-punched materials for thermal insulating and soundproofing products.||
Electro technical, chemical industry Manufacture of plastics of various function and building materials. Power, mechanical engineering, motor industry, shipbuilding, other industries.
|CBF||Parameters of fiber: d = 15 – 19 µm|
|Roving, canvases, chopped fiber.||Manufacture of reinforcing grids. Roving fabrics for manufacture plastics. Chopped fibers for reinforcing plastic, concrete, solutions, covering in construction. Reinforcing materials for brake shoe, frictional disks. Geotextile materials - geogrids, fabrics for reinforcing road coverings, strengthening of embankments, earthen shaft and anti-erosive strengthening of soil.||Iindustry of building materials. Mechanical engineering, motor industry, other industries. Industrial and road construction.|
|CBF||Parameters of fiber: d >19 µm|
|Chopped fiber||Material for reinforcing concrete and asphalt concrete pavement.||Industrial and road construction|
Composite materials, constructional materials, constructions suitable for environment with strong vibrations & alternating load, grids for reinforcement of cutting wheels, sound-proof materials, heat insulation of thermal equipment, filters for cleaning of waste gases from dust and industrial drains.
Used in a wide range of products for automotive industry: heat isolation material for manufacturing of automobile mufflers, panels, screens, plastics, reinforcing material for shoes & disks, constructional plastics, nonflammable composite materials, cords for automobile tire covers, chopped strand for reinforcing plastic, etc. Also used for production of fuel tanks, LPG & compressed NG cylinders.
Anticorrosive, with great dispatch and wears proof coverings of the bottoms of cars. (See article Application of basalt fiber in car manufacturing ").
Seawater proof composite materials & products, heat & sound isolation for ship installations & equipment, heat-insulated plates for ship hulls & engine compartments, constructional materials. In construction of small ships – for construction of ship hulls & additional structures, as well as corrosion-proof, reinforced paint & varnish coverings of ship hulls & additional structures.
Composite constructional materials & products, heat & sound isolation, reinforcement of constructional plastics, nonflammable composite materials, electro-isolating materials, stable paint & varnish coverings.
Heat and sound isolation linen for motor & hull, constructional composite & high-temperature materials.
Heat insulation of thermal equipment for steam boilers, turbines, heating mains; high-voltage
Nonflammable heat isolation & constructional materials, fire-prevention doors, cable corridors, radioactive protection materials.
Reinforcing material for production of plates, electro-insulation materials, construction material for cases for electronic equipment.
Production of chemically proof materials & products: pipes, tanks for aggressive liquids, acids, alkalis, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, poisonous substances. Chemically proof covering for tanks, pipelines, metal constructions, Ferro-concrete constructions. Filters for cleaning from dust & industrial drains, high-temperature filters.
Chemically & wear proof coverings of tanks, pipelines, oil pipelines; nonflammable coverings & composite materials; fire-proof composite materials; oil pipes.
Metallurgy Thermo-insulation materials for thermal equipment, furnaces, recuperators, pipelines, communications; filters made from CBF for filtration of metals melt during molding; filters for clearing of waste gases from dust at ore-mining & processing plants; filters for sewage treatment.
Cryogenic technologies & equipment
Thermo-insulation materials for production of squeezed gases liquid oxygen, nitrogen, etc.
Building constructional and facing plastics; reinforcing plaster grids; warmed panels for construction of prefabricated houses, floors, dropped ceilings, fireproof walls, fire-resistant doors, building plastics.
Basalt-plastic reinforcement for bridges, tunnels, railway sleepers, metro, construction materials. Reinforcement for asphalt-concrete coverings of roads, runways of airports. Waterproof rolled and sheet materials, roofing materials. Hydraulic engineering construction, including reinforcing materials for construction of dams, irrigation materials. Fire-proof materials used in construction of high buildings and in the main industrial construction projects.
Port constructions, sea platforms
Reinforcing and constructional materials made from basalt-plastics; paint & varnish proof coverings of bridges & tunnels; main construction projects; waterproof coverings for Ferro-concrete installations; nonflammable and heat-resistant paints & varnish coverings.
Grids for strengthening soil; tanks for storage and transportation of liquid chemical fertilizers and pesticides; material for hydroponics for cultivation of bacterial cultures, sprouts of plants, etc.
Materials for cleaning installations; big pipes for water supply & sewage;
filters for air clearing & liquid environments, municipal drains, cleaning installations, etc.